An apple D. R. Barton Sun Plane, also known as a topping plane. Used to even up the ends of barrel staves.
A lovely lignum vitae body, rosewood tote handled smooth plane by J. Foster, Boston. Pollack suggests that J. Foster is Jesse Foster, listed in directories as a Boston, MA, turner and cabinetmaker.
Most likely made by a shipwright, this live oak handled smooth plane is made up of carefully selected pieces, joined to maximize grain. The handle is reinforced with a steel plate and the wedge is held in place with a steel rod.
Trade Catalog: WOODWORKERS TOOLS AND MACHINES CATALOGUE NO. 25. RICHARD MELHUISH LTD., TOOLS AND MACHINE MERCHANTS, FETTER LANE, HOLBORNE CIRCUS, LONDON, E.C.4. 1925.
A super catalog, or catalogue if you prefer, of one the great tool houses of Great Britain. Everything the professional shop would need in the way of tools, supplies, machinery, &c, &c, The finest of British and American tools and machinery are represented in these pages. Included are two inserts, one for Irwin bits and one for the BevelMaster sharpening attachment.
Contributed by Joe Parker of the Oldtools eMail list. (28 MB)
Kennedy & Bragaw: English and American Hardware, 203 Main Street, Hartford, Ct, July 1st, 1845.
This firm was in business from 1844-1846. Before the advent of bound catalogs, merchants marketed their goods through sheet listings such as this one. Easily folded for mailing, in this early case as a stampless letter, the listing doubled as a format for personal correspondence between the seller and the prospective buyer.
At the bottom of the sheet is a note: "Joiners Planes of our own Manufacture". The proprietors in question were Leonard Kennedy, Jr. and Isaac Bragaw. To my knowledge, no imprint has been recorded. If you have a plane marked by this merchant partnership, please come forward."
Price List : Catalogue and Invoice Prices of Carpenters' Bench, and Moulding Planes, Manufactured by S. Hills, and F. Richards, Norwich, Mass. Jan. 23, 1833. Before there were bound trade catalogs, the typical catalog was a single sheet price list of goods offered. Before the single sheet price list, the trade card often served... but I don't have one of those early ones to show you. Yet.
This is the earliest price list/catalog in my personal collection. It's of particular interest in that it's a plane makers price list from a lesser known maker of Massachusetts. To add to the interest, it was sent not in an envelope, but by itself. Before postage stamps were the norm, the sender folded up a piece of paper to a given size, wrote the 'To' and 'From' on the outside and paid for the service. In some cases, the recipient had to pay for the service.
This price list/catalog was issued by Hills & Richards, one of the many partnerships of the Hills bros', Samuel and Hervey of Amherst, Springfield and Norwich, Massachusetts. The Hills worked during the early part of the 19th C. Frederick Richards has been listed as a planemaker, toolmaker and hardware dealer. In the 1850 Census, he was listed as employed by H. Chapin as a toolmaker.
From the primary resource for wooden planes of the United States, A Guide to the Makers of American Wooden Planes, we have a brief review of these makers:
- Samuel Hills: Amherst & Springfield, MA: 1830
- Samuel and Hervey Hills, succeeding Hills & Wolcott: Amherst, MA: 1829-1830
- Hills & Richards: Norwich, MA: 1833 (date now known from this catalog)
- Hills & Winship (William Winship worked for H. Chapin, 1826-1832): Springfield, MA: 1832
- Hills & Wolcott (possibly Gideon Wolcott, a planemaker who worked for Leonard Kennedy): So. Amherst, MA: 1829
- Frederick Richards: Springfield, MA: 1833-1850
Trade Catalog: ALBUM VAN SCHAVEN EN GEREEDSCHAPPEN: Rabots et Outils - Planes and Different Tools: JOS. HARM, Vijzelstraat 120, Amsterdam. c1900. (judging by the Stanley Planes offered). This catalog of planes, braces, saws and bench equipment is tri-lingual in Dutch, French and English. Tools shown are primarily Dutch, followed by select items from the Stanley line, then a few French and British style planes. There is a small selection of Dutch style braces and saws, along with replacement handles and bench equipment.
This catalog was clearly published for the Dutch trade, as the Dutch planes are not translated. The French, British and Stanley tools are translated in varying sets. Of particular interest are the varieties of Dutch planes and braces that continue styles often listed as from the 18th Century. Needless to say, this is one of my favorite catalogs.
H.Hale, Plane Manufacturers, to The Providence Tool Col, 1854.
New Haven, Apil 7, 1854
Providence Tool Co.
We are in want of some Plane Irons Which we should like to have you send to us providing you will sell them low as other makers
Please send us list of prices by return of mail
H. Hale Co
Corner St. John & Art.... St.